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India Gate | History, & Facts, Description

India Gate Best Tourist Places in Delhi.

India Gate | History, & Facts, Description


India Gate, Red Fort, Qutab Minar, Hauz Khas, Bahai (Lotus) Temple, Chandni Chowk, Jama Masjid, Rashtrapati Bhawan, Paranthe Wali Gali, Sarojini Nagar Market, Jantar Mantar, Gurudwara Bangla Sahib, Connaught Place, Kingdom of Dreams, Raj Ghat and many more.

Delhi keeps its visitors thoroughly engaged with a startling cornucopia of history, culture, cuisine, street life, and commerce. You may be overwhelmed by the chaos at first but as the city gradually sheds its layers, you will find there are many fun-filled places to see in Delhi that will take your breath away.

With not just one, but three UNESCO World Heritage sites within its boundaries, you are sure to come across historical attractions in Delhi that will blow your mind with their grandeur. Apart from these, there are many street food shops and stalls in the old lanes that will pamper your taste buds with some lip-smacking dishes. Not forgetting the most happening party hubs in the city, locals and travelers come here to have the best time of their lives.

For the energetic crowd, these buzzing nightlife destinations are some of the important tourist places in Delhi. So if you have the will and energy to explore Delhi, there is no dearth of interesting places to explore here.

India Gate, official name Delhi Memorial, originally called All-India War Memorial, monumental sandstone arch in New Delhi, dedicated to the troops of British India who died in wars fought between 1914 and 1919. India Gate, which is located at the eastern end of the Rajpath (formerly called the Kingsway), is about 138 feet (42 meters) in height.

All India War Memorial Arch (1931; commonly called India Gate), New Delhi, India; designed by Sir Edwin Lutyens.


India Gate is one of many British monuments built by order of the Imperial War Graves Commission (later renamed Commonwealth War Graves Commission). The architect was Sir Edwin Lutyens, an Englishman who designed numerous other war memorials and was also the principal planner of New Delhi. The cornerstone was laid in 1921 by the duke of Connaught, the third son of Queen Victoria. Construction of the All-India War Memorial, as it was originally known, continued until 1931, the year of the formal dedication of New Delhi as the capital of India.

Lutyens declined to incorporate pointed arches or other Asian motifs in his design but strove instead for classical simplicity. The result is often described as similar in appearance to the Arc de Triomphe in Paris. On the rooftop above the archway is a broad shallow domed bowl that was intended to be filled with flaming oil on ceremonial occasions. No fires have been set on the rooftop in recent years, but four eternal flames are now sheltered at the base of the structure. The flames demarcate the Amar Jawan Jyoti, a small monument that has served as India’s tomb of the unknown soldier since 1971.

India Gate is an important site to visit when on your tour to Delhi. India Gate has its original name as the All India War Memorial built to commemorate the 82000 soldiers of the Indian Army who lost their lives during the First World War that happened from 1914 to 1921 and in the Third World Anglo-Afghan War. The war memorial is situated at Rajpath where you can reach by getting down at Barakhamba Road Metro station in Delhi. India Gate is also known to be one of the best places to visit with friends in Delhi.

India Gate is located on the eastern edge of the ceremonial axis of Delhi and it was formerly called Kingsway. The names of around 13300 servicemen including some soldiers and officers from the United Kingdom are displayed on the gate. The architecture of India Gate is world-famous as the triumphal arch that looks like the Arch of Constantine and also compared to the Arc de Triomphe and the Gateway of India in Mumbai.

The designer of the memorial was Sir Edwin Lutyens. After the Bangladesh Liberation War in 1971, there was a simple structure including a black marble plinth with a reversed rifle which was capped by a war helmet and bounded by four eternal flames built under the Memorial Archway. This one was the Amar Jawan Jyoti or the Flame of the Immortal Soldier.

The construction of the India Gate was started in 1921 and completed in 1931. The architectural dimensions of the structure say that it is 42 meters tall and 9.1 meters wide. It was constructed using yellow and red sandstone along with granite. In 2014, the Government announced the plans to construct a National War Memorial around the canopy as well as a National War Museum at the park nearby.

India Gate Parade or the Republic Day Parade is the most ceremonious and prestigious event that happens in front of India Gate every year. On January 26th, each year, India commemorates the day it became a republic with an esteemed presence of many national as well as dignified guests from other countries.

India Gate entry time:

Anyone can visit India Gate anytime as it is open on all days 24 hours.

India Gate Entry fee:

There is no entry fee to visit the structure.

India Gate location:

Rajpath Marg, India Gate, New Delhi, Delhi 110001.


To the dead of the Indian armies who fell and are honored.


  • in France and Flanders, Mesopotamia and Persia, East Africa, Gallipoli, and elsewhere.
  • in the Near and the Far East and in sacred memory also of those whose names are here.
  • recorded and who fell in India on the northwest frontier and during the Third Afghan War.

Most of the place names in the dedication were theatres of operation in World War I, but the Third Anglo-Afghan War is also singled out. The names of individual Indian soldiers more than 13,000 of them, according to the Commonwealth War Graves Commission are inscribed in smaller letters on the monument.

Arlington National Cemetery: Tomb of the Unknowns.


Tomb of the Unknown Soldier interred since 1971 under the India Gate monument in New Delhi. The Tomb of the Unknown Australian Soldier, near Canberra, Australian Capital Territory, holds a World War I veteran but was not established until 1993. Canada’s unknown soldier is also a World War I casualty, but the monument is even.

Parts of a circular arch.


Arch, in architecture and civil engineering, a curved member that is used to span an opening and to support loads from above. The arch formed the basis for the evolution of the vault. Arch construction depends essentially on the wedge. If a series of wedge-shaped blocks i.e., ones in which the upper.

New Delhi: All India War Memorial arch.


New Delhi, the national capital of India. It is situated in the north-central part of the country on the west bank of the Yamuna River, adjacent to and just south of Delhi city (Old Delhi) and within the Delhi national capital territory.

India Gate | History, & Facts, Description


Architecture: Arch.


The arch can be called a curved lintel. Early masonry builders could span only narrow openings because of the necessary shortness and weight.

Arch construction depends essentially on the wedge. If a series of wedge-shaped blocks i.e., ones in which the upper edge is wider than the lower edge are set flank to flank in the manner shown in the figure, the result is an arch. These blocks are called voussoirs. Each voussoir must be precisely cut so that it presses firmly against the surface of neighboring blocks and conducts loads uniformly. The central voussoir is called the keystone. The point from which the arch rises from its vertical supports is known as the spring or springing line. During the construction of an arch, the voussoirs require support from below until the keystone has been set in place; this support usually takes the form of temporary wooden centering. The curve in an arch may be semicircular, segmental (consisting of less than one-half of a circle), or pointed (two intersecting arcs of a circle); noncircular curves can also be used successfully.

Parts of a circular arch.


In masonry construction, arches have several great advantages over horizontal beams or lintels. They can span much wider openings because they can be made from small, easily carried blocks of brick or stone, as opposed to a massive, monolithic stone lintel. An arch can also carry a much greater load than a horizontal beam can support. This carrying capacity stems from the fact that pressure downward on an arch has the effect of forcing the voussoirs together instead of apart. These stresses also tend to squeeze the blocks outward radially; loads divert these outward forces downward to exert a diagonal force, called thrust, that will cause the arch to collapse if it is not properly buttressed. Hence, the vertical supports, or posts, upon which an arch rests must be massive enough to buttress the thrust and conduct it into the foundation (as in Roman triumphal arches). Arches may rest on light supports, however, when they occur in a row, because the thrust of one arch counteracts the thrust of its neighbors, and the system remains stable as long as the arches at either end of the row are buttressed. This system is used in such structures as arched stone bridges and ancient Roman aqueducts.

Arches were known in ancient Egypt and Greece but were considered unsuitable for monumental architecture and seldom used. The Romans, by contrast, used the semicircular arch in bridges, aqueducts, and large-scale architecture. In most cases they did not use mortar, relying simply on the precision of their stone dressing. The Arabs popularized the pointed arch, and it was in their mosques that this form first acquired its religious connotations. Medieval Europe made great use of the pointed arch, which constituted a basic element in Gothic architecture. In the late Middle Ages, the segmental arch was introduced. This form and the elliptical arch had great value in bridge engineering because they permitted mutual support by a row of arches, carrying the lateral thrust to the abutments at either end of a bridge.

Modern arches of steel, concrete, or laminated wood are highly rigid and lightweight so that the horizontal thrust against the supports is small; this thrust can be further reduced by stretching a tie between the ends of the arch.

All India War Memorial Arch (1931; Commonly Called India Gate), New Delhi, India; Designed By Sir Edwin Lutyens.



Insider Tips:

-The climate during the months from October to March will be favorable for sightseeing tours in Delhi. You can enjoy visiting India Gate with your family and friends peacefully during that time.

-It will be fun if you bring cooked or packaged food with you, and have a picnic. You can also go boating at the Boating Club adjacent to India Gate grounds.

-The nearest metro station to India Gate is Central Secretariat (Yellow Line). The metro station has more than one exit gate so that you can seek the help of customer service about the closest gate to India Gate.

-Take an auto-rickshaw or the shuttle rickshaw/rickshaw service to India Gate from the metro station. Bus service can also be availed depending on your boarding point.

-In case you are there in January, you can attend the Republic Day parade on 26th January.

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